A beginners’ guide to Ubuntu 11.10.


Hello, if you are reading this post, you are probably the same as me, a beginner to Ubuntu.

Guides to install Ubuntu can be found at the following links:

Some suggestions to you after you have installed Ubuntu on your computer or external hard disk.

1. Use Terminal as less as possible. Be cautious with instructions from some post, don’t run those COMMANDS if you don’t know what they mean. I once run some commands from a post, and the writer is a stupid guy, doing simple things at a huge cost, he intend to remove a package (hard to remove)by remove everything on my Ubuntu. I pasted his commands, and my Ubuntu was destroyed, even my software center and terminal were removed, is that insane?

2. They are xxxx.deb files available for many softwares, for example, Google Chrome(Just search goolge, Linux Google Chrome), you can just downloaded them and double click the deb file, the software center will load it and install it. You don’t have to use Terminal to do things that you can do it in a  safer way.

3. Don’t use Ubuntu Tweak especially Janitor inside this tweak tool, Ubuntu Tweak is dangerous and is not safe at all, it’s a killer which intend to kill your Ubuntu. Just two days ago, when I finished configuring my Ubuntu 11.10, I decided to make a Custome Live CD of my Ubuntu so that I can make a new installation disk which include all my programs and configurations. But before doing that, I need to clean my Ubuntu and I followed some irresponsible instructions and used Janitor of Ubuntu Tweak, this Tweak KILLED my Ubuntu. My Ubuntu can’t boot.

4. Keep you Ubuntu installation Disk, this can be very useful, especially for beginners, because you may need it to do a few things:

  • Reinstall
  • Fix the boot problem (When your Ubuntu can’t boot, you can use the disk to fix the GRUB(boot loader)). Actually, I figured this out later after I successfully fixed my Windows 7 boot loader (MBR).

5. After all your configurations, when you think you have customized your system, make a Custom Live CD using Remastersys.This is helpful, because this Custome LIve CD will save everything you have done, packages you installed, configurations, everything.

So, when you install Ubuntu next time using your Custom Live CD, you don’t have to repeat the process again, because everything has been done after finishing your installatioin.

You can download Remastersys deb file here. There may be updates thus newer versions , just be flexible.

On this page, you can do a lot of things, especially, you can change your PLymouth theme (it’s the boot/shutdown screen splash and animation) if you have installed extra themes. It’s safe to change, I’ve tried. But do this only if you have themes installed. Always be cautious to make changed related to the boot, it can be dangerous.

Turn off all running programs, then click DIST, ISO will be created and you can burn it into a DVD and use it as a installation disk with everything you want contained.

6. For beginners, don’t try the LTS version, I strongly suggest not, especially not using the UPGRADE. LTS version is not stable and pops up many errors. Furthermore, some functions are not working properly on LTS version, for example, the software center “Sync between computers”. At last, when you UPGRADE from your current version, many repositories will not update automatically, actually, many repositories are disabled and can’t be enabled unless you delete the old ones and add them again.

7. If you want to remove anything, as I said, better not use the terminal, instead, you can use Synaptic packages to remove them, because you can choose what to remove when you use it.